By Allison Gentala, SPED Homeschool Community Member


“Choice in education is no mere abstraction. Like its economic cousin, free enterprise, and its political cousin, democracy, it affords hope and opportunity.” President Ronald Reagan 


For Special Education (SPED) students’ hope and opportunity are of immense value. Typical and gifted learners will thrive in most any environment, but SPED students have to work ten times as hard and can lose hope, especially when opportunities are limited. Often the educational choice that best fits the learning styles of SPED students is homeschool, where students can learn at their own pace and pursue their strengths while also focusing on their areas of weakness. 

However, homeschooling a student with special education needs can be cost prohibitive for families, especially if there are multiple SPED students in the same family. If a student has intense learning challenges, the cost can be well over $600 a month for each type of therapy/tutoring a student receives. With several SPED students needing multiple therapies, the cost soars and can be unattainable for many families. While many families provide excellent services to their SPED students at home, the family with several SPED students will struggle to research, learn, and provide these therapies to several students with varying needs and may experience burnout. 

So, what is the answer to providing that hope and opportunity to families with SPED students who want to educate at home? How might a family go about finding resources for their special learners that will allow them to homeschool and yet still meet the unique needs of their student’s learning challenges? 

Some states have generous programs that fund therapies, tutoring, and curriculum, providing more opportunities for families of SPED students to enjoy teaching their children from home. One such state is Arizona. In Arizona, students can apply for the Empowerment Scholarship Account (ESA) which provides 90% of the student’s state funding to educate SPED students at home. The funding can pay for therapies, tutoring, curriculum, books, and therapy or sensory items. While there have been concerns about regulation and oversight, those fears have not been realized in the decade that the program has been serving Arizona SPED students. 

Besides Arizona, there are four other states offering an ESA program, Florida, Mississippi, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Qualifying for this funding varies from state to state. If you live in one of these states and are interested in this opportunity, check your state’s Department of Education website. 

As a mom of many SPED students, we utilized this funding in order to provide occupational therapy, speech therapy, and dyslexia tutoring for our children. Our journey to this funding was a multi-step process over the course of 18 months. First, we took several of our children to the local district school for an evaluation. They received an SLD (Specific Learning Disability) in several areas. We disagreed with the results and requested an Independent Educational Evaluation (IEE). Our district denied this request, and we responded with federal IDEA law showing that the district must cover the cost of an IEE or move for a hearing. The district then agreed, and we moved forward with a private evaluation at the district’s expense. Once we received the diagnoses from the provider of our choice, we had to qualify for ESA. In Arizona, homeschool students aren’t eligible for the ESA. So, in order to qualify, we did an online charter for the required hours. The charter worked with us and allowed us to use several of our current curriculum choices. They also let us count the hours spent at our weekly homeschool cooperative toward the hours needed. Once we qualified, there was simply some paperwork to complete and our students qualified. We signed a contract and could then take advantage of all the therapies our students needed, but could not afford or provide at home. 

Hope and opportunity will provide a path forward for all our SPED students as they work through the challenges ahead. What a tremendous blessing these states provide for families to teach their kids at home and also access the therapies and services needed. I only wish that every state had a vision for supporting SPED students in this way. 

In the end, parents have to make the decision that is best for their family and it is my hope and prayer that communities will come alongside families with SPED students and support their decisions even when we may never fully understand all the details behind those decisions.




Did you benefit from this article?

Support the ongoing work of

SPED Homeschool

Donate Today



 by Emily Wells, SPED Homeschool Community Member 


Like many of you, I am just a mom who did what I had to do so that my son could get the best education, so I am honored to write about our homeschooling journey. My son, Jackson, was diagnosed with Level 1 Autism just after his third birthday. It shocks some parents when they receive this diagnosis for their child. But I had nightmares that my son would not be diagnosed and I would not have the support he needed. His behaviors and the amount of catching up that I felt like he had to do in speech, independent living skills, and development completely overwhelmed me. 


Soon after we received Jackson’s diagnosis, we placed him into an Early Intervention Preschool. We could also take Jackson to speech therapy and occupational therapy. These were lifesaving to me. I needed breaks. I needed help to understand my son and how to manage his meltdowns. I learned so many things during this time. Had you asked me then, I would have told you that there was NO WAY I could homeschool my son.


Since Jackson had a late birthday, he attended preschool for two more years. In his final year, we placed him part-time in a Head-Start program to get used to a regular classroom full of children and part-time in his early intervention preschool again. It was a big growing year for us. We discovered Jackson was VERY social with his peers at school. We were told he enjoyed throwing sticks for his friends to play “fetch”! His early intervention teacher said that he was doing fantastic in her class and she would rely on him to answer questions for her! This was something we couldn’t have imagined possible just one year before. But we also learned from his Head-Start teachers that if there was an activity that he didn’t want to do, they would not force him to do it. So my son hardly came home with any artwork because the teachers did not want to trigger a meltdown.


As Pre-K was coming to a close, we started looking at our options for Kindergarten. Jackson’s intervention teacher was confident that he would transition to a mainstream classroom with no problems. But we also heard that most Kindergarten teachers expect multiple sentences and even paragraphs of handwriting by the second semester! We were shocked! One of Jackson’s biggest struggles is his fine motor skills. His occupational therapist had been consistently working with him to develop those muscles, but his handwriting still needed a lot of work. My husband and I became increasingly concerned that Jackson would easily fall behind without a person able to MAKE him do the tasks he was unwilling to do, like handwriting.


So I had a decision to make: I could spend time after school with Jackson to practice his handwriting, which would undoubtedly incur more stress and tantrums because he needed that time to wind down; OR, should I teach Jackson myself. By this time, Jackson had a breakthrough with his speech therapy and wasn’t really needing it anymore. He became pretty capable of communicating his needs to us. We also understood his behaviors a lot better and had tools ready to help prevent or manage meltdowns.


HOMESCHOOLING IT IS! In the beginning, it was a very daunting task. My mother homeschooled my three siblings and me, so I was partial to familiar curriculums. Nowadays, there are so many curriculum options. What would happen if I chose the wrong one? Would Jackson connect with and understand the material I chose? I prayed a lot. I chose curriculums with the most hands-on material possible. 


In the beginning, Jackson struggled with the fact that I was the teacher and not Mrs. Miller (his previous teacher). Many times he told me, “You are not the teacher! You are mommy!”. But we kept pressing through. Getting started in a subject was a challenge but once he got into it, he was fine. Our biggest struggle was – you guessed it – handwriting. The curriculum that I was using relied heavily on tracing and practicing. This was frustrating for Jackson. He hated it. Even with using a golf ball on his pencil to help his grasp as his therapist had suggested, he still demanded me to help him write the letters hand over hand almost the entire time. By the time we were about a quarter of the way through the year, I had another decision to make: should I stick with this curriculum or try something different? I had heard many good things about Handwriting Without Tears and noticed it was very popular on the Facebook Homeschool sale groups. So I stepped out of my comfort zone and gave this new curriculum a try. Aside from homeschooling Jackson, changing the handwriting curriculum was one of the best decisions I have ever made. Instead of fighting me to repeat a letter on a page, Jackson demands to WRITE the letter before I can give him the full demonstration! He loves the songs, using the blocks and the chalkboards. And it has made a vast difference with his confidence and the clarity of his handwriting!


For those of you that are trying to make that first step to homeschool your special needs child, my advice is to trust your gut. Everyone will tell you their opinions. Jackson’s EI teacher and his psychologist assured me he would do perfectly fine in public school. That may have been true. But as Jackson’s mother, it still didn’t sit right with me. There are so many resources and supports out there now that you do not have to start this journey alone. And it could very well be one of the best decisions of your life.






Did you enjoy this article?

Support the on-going work of

SPED Homeschool

Donate Today



Cammie Arn & Peggy Ployhar

Just what is homeschooling? I have asked myself this question a lot as of late.

When you boil it down, homeschooling is an active schooling choice.

As I think about what I just penned above, I can’t say Isolation schooling, the non-choice schooling option many are finding themselves doing right now can truly be called homeschooling.

Isolation schooling is a non-choice schooling option affecting all public, private, and homeschooling families right now.

The interesting thing is that no matter what our school choice was before this pandemic hit, all families still have many choices they can make while maintaining isolation. The key to seeing these choices is looking beyond what you may have to leave behind. And instead, focus on what you can do and how those choices will impact your family’s story during this pandemic and in the years to come when you look back at how you utilized this time together. Here are some ideas to get you started.


Choices for families who were already homeschooling:


Choices for families who had children attending public or private schools:

  • Online classes or therapy too overwhelming for your student? Ask the school/teacher/therapist to send you a packet of class materials he/she can finish at their pace and submit when completed.


“…no matter what our school choice was before this pandemic hit, all families still have many choices they can make while maintaining isolation.


This is a different season for our country that none of us have ever charted. I am hoping that my public and private schooling friends will enjoy this opportunity at home with their children as much as I enjoy my time at home with mine. I also pray they will take a closer look at homeschooling as a choice in the future.  

We can do this! We just need to be flexible with the choices we do have.

Need some help? Check out our  COVID-19 emergency at-home schooling page for more ideas and resources.





Did you benefit from this article?

Would you consider a small donation to support the ongoing work of SPED Homeschool?

Click Here to Donate Today